These four videos depict expert techniques for buried penis repair.
As of 2014, World Health Organization estimates determined that 600 million people were obese. The number of obese people has doubled from 1980 to 2014, leading many urologists to become accustomed to operating on men who weigh over 300 or 400 pounds. As such, it is increasingly important for the urologic work force to be aware of the genitourinary repercussions of obesity. As the U.S. health system increasingly pushes to increase the value of health care, management of obesity-related conditions, such as buried penis, in a cost-effective manner becomes increasingly important.
These videos illustrate the tissue handling, aesthetic, and functional considerations of optimizing outcomes in buried penis repair by experienced reconstructive surgeons. Commentary on each video is provided by Jeremy B. Myers, MD, associate professor in the division of urology at the University of Utah, and by 'Y'tube Section Editor James M. Hotaling, MD, MS, assistant professor of surgery (urology) at the Center for Reconstructive Urology and Men's Health, University of Utah, Salt Lake City.
Click through to watch the videos.
Jonathan L. Witten, MD, and Daniel D. Dugi III, MD, illustrate their technique of resection and reconstruction of massive lymphedema of the male genitalia. They also present a case series of three men with massive lymphedema of the genitalia treated between 2014 and 2015.
Dr. Myers: The authors demonstrate a technique for treatment of massive genital lymphedema, which can arise from previous inguinal or genital operations or from obesity. Highlights of their technique are relocation of the penis through the suprapubic fat pad to a more anatomic location and reconstruction of a neo-scrotum through flaps of lateral scrotum and perineum with areas unaffected by lymphedema. In addition, the authors show how a skin graft can be harvested from lymphedematous resected tissue and used with good results for penile skin grafting. Despite the horrendous nature of this problem, the results demonstrated in the video are very impressive.
Dr. Hotaling: Here, the surgeons illustrate how the excellent vascular supply of the penis and scrotum can be used to facilitate an optimal cosmetic outcome for buried penis repair. Further, their use of the resected tissue for a skin graft also minimizes morbidity for a patient population where postoperative complications are common and have the potential to be devastating.
This video, from Alex Vanni, MD, depicts correction of concealed penis with panniculectomy and penile skin graft in a 63-year-old man with morbid obesity whose penis was completely concealed for 7 years.
Dr. Myers: Dr. Vanni demonstrates repair of buried penis in a patient with morbid obesity. Their technique involves panniculectomy of the suprapubic fat pad with fixation of the fat pad to the deep tissue overlying the pubis. Reconstruction of the peno-scrotal and peno-abdominal junction is performed with a flap of redundant scrotum. The penile skin graft is applied with a bolster type of dressing. Their meticulous technique is evident throughout the video.
Dr. Hotaling: Dr. Vanni demonstrates how both removal of and fixation of the suprapubic fat pad are required to fix the penoscrotal junction in an optimal anatomic and functional location. The use of a bolster is a critical part of this surgery and greatly facilitates optimal wound healing and cosmetic appearance of the shaft skin. Although this may seem like a trivial portion of the operation, stabilization of grafted tissue in the morbidly obese patient is incredibly complex yet vital to an optimal outcome.
This video from Jeremy B. Myers, MD, demonstrates repair of buried penis in super-morbid obese men. The technique involves resection of the suprapubic fat pad entirely with reconstruction of lateral groin. Scrotectomy and reconstruction of the peno-scrotal and peno-abdominal junction is also shown.
Dr. Myers: Here, we demonstrate repair of buried penis in super-morbid obese men. The technique involves resection of the suprapubic fat pad entirely with reconstruction of lateral groin. Scrotectomy and reconstruction of the peno-scrotal and peno-abdominal junction is also shown. The penile skin graft is taken from the resected suprapubic fat pad. We emphasize the type of body habitus, which is amenable to this repair and those patients that have a body habitus that need to be treated with a full abdominoplasty. Common wound complications are noted in one of the patients, and his healing is tracked over 2 months.
Dr. Hotaling: Here, Dr. Myers ablates the entire suprapubic fat pad with reconstruction from the lateral groin. This approach also includes a scrotectomy with reconfiguration of the peno-scrotal and peno-abdominal junction. Similar to Dr. Dugi and colleagues, Dr. Myers uses the resected suprapubic fat pad to harvest the skin graft. He also covers optimal patient selection for this approach, which is perhaps the most important component of a successful outcome in this patient population. Finally, the video covers common wound complications and their management, which are a common, if not inevitable component of this surgery.
In this video, Bryan Voelzke, MD, and colleagues demonstrate limited panniculectomy for adult buried penis repair in a 37-year-old male with Prader-Willi syndrome resulting in morbid obesity.
Dr. Myers: Dr. Voelzke and colleagues demonstrate repair of buried penis. They very nicely emphasize the need to tack the suprapubic fat pad or “mons pannus” to the periosteum of the symphysis pubis. They also demonstrate the importance of not pulling down the peno-scrotal junction and peno-abdominal junction in order to expose the penis more. Exposing more of the penis is tempting since this is the objective of surgery, but will lead to a crevasse of very poor healing where the skin graft on the penis meets the abdomen and scrotum.
Dr. Hotaling: Here, the authors demonstrate the optimal balance between obtaining a normal cosmetic appearance and optimizing wound healing of the skin graft.
Subscribe to Urology Times to get monthly news from the leading news source for urologists.