How to successfully manage neonatal hydronephrosis

The incidence of hydronephrosis diagnosed in the neonatal period has increased dramatically with the routine use of ultrasound in obstetrical care. Prior to the mid-1980s, most children with obstructive uropathy secondary to ureteropelvic junction obstruction or ureterovesical junction obstruction were diagnosed after urinary tract infections had occurred or an abdominal mass was noted.