Epidemiology and Risk Factors

Prostate cancer is the most common nonskin malignancy among men in Europe, North America, and Australia and, after lung cancer, represents the second leading cause of cancer-related death in men in these regions.4 Data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program of the National Cancer Institute, which covers approximately 26% of the US population, show the rising incidence of cancer of the prostate (Figure 1).