A perfect bladder Ca test: We're close but not there yet

Bladder cancer ranks among the most common human malignancies, with over130,000 newly diagnosed cases each year in the United States and Europeand over 1 million active cases undergoing annual follow-up. Given the traditionaltechnique for diagnosis and monitoring based on passage of a cystoscopeinto the bladder, it is only natural that great efforts are now being focusedtoward finding alternative or confirmatory noninvasive techniques usingurine-based assays.