A perfect bladder Ca test: We're close but not there yet

December 1, 2002

Bladder cancer ranks among the most common human malignancies, with over130,000 newly diagnosed cases each year in the United States and Europeand over 1 million active cases undergoing annual follow-up. Given the traditionaltechnique for diagnosis and monitoring based on passage of a cystoscopeinto the bladder, it is only natural that great efforts are now being focusedtoward finding alternative or confirmatory noninvasive techniques usingurine-based assays.