Percutaneous nephrolithotomy: Tricks and tips for access and stone removal

Although percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) comprises only 4% to 6% of all stone surgeries, it behooves the urologist with an interest in stone disease to be facile in this treatment modality in order to offer patients the most appropriate and effective treatment for their stones.



Preoperative imaging





Selecting the optimal calyx for puncture